Understanding the Basics of Real Estate Excise Tax (REET)
Real Estate Excise Tax (REET) is a tax that is levied on the sale of real property. It is an important aspect of the real estate market, as it affects both buyers and sellers. In this article, we will explore the basics of REET, including what it is, how it is calculated, and who is responsible for paying it. We will also address frequently asked questions about REET to provide a comprehensive understanding of this tax.
1. What is Real Estate Excise Tax (REET)?
REET is a tax imposed by the state or local governments on the transfer of real property from one party to another. It is based on the selling price or the fair market value of the property, whichever is higher. The tax is typically paid by the seller, although in some cases, the buyer may be responsible for paying it.
2. How is REET calculated?
The calculation of REET varies depending on the jurisdiction where the property is located. Generally, it is a percentage of the selling price or fair market value. The tax rate can range from a few tenths of a percent to several percent of the property value. It is important to consult with a real estate professional or tax advisor to determine the specific rate applicable in your area.
3. Are there any exemptions from REET?
Yes, there are certain exemptions from REET that vary by state and locality. Some common exemptions include transfers between spouses, transfers to government entities, and transfers between related parties. Additionally, there may be exemptions for low-income individuals or properties used for specific purposes, such as agriculture or charitable organizations. It is crucial to research the specific exemptions applicable to your situation or consult with a tax professional.
4. Can REET be negotiated between the buyer and seller?
REET is a statutory tax, meaning it is required by law and cannot be negotiated between the buyer and seller. The tax rate is determined by the government and is non-negotiable. However, it is worth noting that the allocation of the tax burden between the buyer and seller can be negotiated as part of the overall purchase agreement.
5. Is REET deductible on income tax returns?
No, REET is not deductible on federal income tax returns. It is considered a state or local tax and is not eligible for deduction on the federal level. However, depending on your state’s tax laws, there may be provisions for deducting state and local taxes, including REET, on your state income tax return. Consult with a tax professional to determine the specific deductions available in your state.
Real Estate Excise Tax (REET) is an essential component of real estate transactions. It is a tax imposed on the sale of real property and is based on the selling price or fair market value. The tax rate varies by jurisdiction and can range from a few tenths of a percent to several percent of the property value. While the seller is typically responsible for paying REET, there may be exemptions and specific circumstances where the buyer assumes this responsibility. It is crucial to understand the basics of REET and consult with professionals to ensure compliance with the applicable laws and regulations regarding this tax.